Guided Reading Aids

Guided Reading for Lesson 1.05

1.      Greece is the “___________________ of Civilization” because she gave us _____________, ______________, and ___________.  (Choose 3.)

2.     A city-state was a _________________ and the surrounding _______________.

3.     The city of _______________ had the first democracy.

4.     “Democracy” means  ________________________________________.

5.     The city of ________________ was ruled by its military.

6.     Greek culture was spread by the ___________ ____________.

7.     The Roman Empire spread over 3 continents, from _________, to____________, to__________, and to ___________.

8.     Rome gave us ______________, ______________________, and ______________________.

9.     Rome’s Senate was made of wealthy people (“____________________”) and common people (“__________________”).

10.  Rome fell because of problems caused by its _______________________.

11.    During the Age of Absolutism, _______________________ ruled most of W. Europe.

12.  “_______________ right” was the belief the king ruled by God’s will.

13.  The English Glorious Revolution was a result of a C_____________ king being overthrown by the common people who were P________________.

14.  The French Revolution resulted from the gap between poverty of its people and the ____of the king.


Guided Reading for Lesson 1.07 Terms

1.     ________________  Government run by the people, can be direct or representative

2.     ________________  States joined together loosely, without a strong central government

3.     ________________  A government with powers divided between national and state governments

4.     ________________  Belief that power is in the hands of the people who are governed

5.     ________________  State of lawlessness; usually there is no government in power

6.     ________________  People elect representatives to govern them

7.     ________________  Authority is shared by different branches of government

8.     ________________  The power of the different government branches to block actions of other branches

9.     ________________  The idea the government doesn’t have complete power


Guided Reading 2.03 Articles of Confederation (Our first constitution)

1.     The Americans didn’t form a _____________ central government because they were afraid the leaders would act like the king.

2.     The states’ confederation was to be a league of _____________.

3.      Each state received __________ vote in Congress.

4.     __________________ had the power to declare war.

5.     Weaknesses included no power to ________ and no p______________.

6.     Shays’ Rebellion was over the collection of _________ and judgments for ______________.

Guided Reading 2.04

1.     The meeting to make the new constitution was originally called the ______________ ___________.

2.     ____________________________ was selected to lead the Constitutional Convention.

Be sure to complete the work file for the SAS lesson.

The V_____________ Plan proposed that states’ populations would determine the number of representatives to Congress.  The Great Compromise divided the two houses of Congress into one with equal representation for all states and the other house depending on the population.

3.     The ____________________were in favor of ratifying the Constitution; the ___________________ were against it.

4.     The authors of The Federalists were __________________, _________________, and _________.


Guided Reading for Lesson 2.05

1.     ________________________________ wrote the Constitution.

2.     In order to get the states to accept the Constitution, the Federalists promised to add a _________________________ at the first session of Congress.

3.     The Preamble states the purpose of the ________________________ and gives 6 goals.

4.     “More perfect Union” refers to having a country that is more perfect under the Constitution than it was under the ________________________  _____ ________________________.

5.     The body of the Constitution is made up of the 7 ____________________________________.

6.     Article I:  _________________________ Branch – Congress

7.     Article II – Executive Branch – the ____________________

8.     Article III – Judicial Branch – the _______________ Court and powers of the courts

9.     Article IV – Interstate Relations – how the ________________ will work with each other

10.  Article V – Amending Power – how the ________________________ can be changed

11.  Article VI – The Supremacy Act – the _______________________ government is supreme over the ___________________ governments.

12.  Article VII – Ratification – how they would adopt the Constitution in 1787-1788.  Includes ideas about

separation of p_____________, checks and b____________, and federalism.


Guided Reading for Lesson 2.06

1.     Which branch of government:

a.     Makes laws

b.    Reviews laws to see if they are constitutional

c.     Enforces laws

d.    Has a Senate and a House of Representatives

e.     Has a cabinet to advise the President

f.     The justices serve life terms.

2.     Every state has ______ Senators for a total of 100

3.     There are ___________ members in the House of Representatives; the number a state has depends on its percentage of the total U.S. population.  The state receives that percentage of the members.

4.     Presidents serve a term of ________ years and may be elected just two times.


Guided Reading for Lesson 2.07

1.     The branches of government get their power from the C____________________________.

2.     Checks and balances:   which branch’s power is being “checked:”

a.      President calls a special session of Congress

b.    Congress can impeach federal judges

c.     The courts can declare presidential acts unconstitutional

d.    The president nominates federal judges and judges for the Supreme Court

e.     Congress approves the federal budget.

f.     The President can veto Congressional legislation.

g.    Judicial branch can declare laws unconstitutional

Guided Reading 2.08

1.      Federalism is the __________________ of powers in a government.

2.     Both federal and state governments get their powers from the ____________________.


Guided Reading for Lessons 3.01 and 3.02

1.     Article ___ established the Judicial Branch.

2.     There are ____ Supreme Court Justices who serve __________ terms, and their pay can’t be ____________________ while they are in office.

3.     The ______________________   _______   of 1789 established the lower courts.

Federal Courts

4.     Most cases heard by the Supreme Court deal with the C________________ or a f_______________ law.  It also hears original cases involving the U.S. government, state governments, and big issues like equal rights but not cases brought by one of its Justices.

5.     Most federal cases originate (begin) in a d_______________ court; it hears original cases only.

6.     A court of ______________, also called a circuit court, hears cases that are appealed but not original ones.

7.     Individuals can file a lawsuit in a ________________ trial, but the government files a suit in a ______________________ trial.

8.     Two types of juries:  Grand juries decide whether there is enough evidence for a ____________; petit juries sit through the trial and decide _________________ or __________________.

State Court System

9.     State courts are formed by, and receive their power from, the state’s c_________________________.

10.   If there is an objection on legal grounds to the outcome of a case, the case goes to a court of a_____________________________________.

11.  ______________% of all judicial activity in the U.S. occurs in state and local courts; the county courts hear the most cases.

12.  County courts hear family disputes, juvenile cases, traffic cases, and misdemeanors (less serious criminal matters.)


Guided Reading for Lesson 3.03 the Supreme Court

1.     A_________________________ jurisdiction is the power to review decisions made by other courts.  O____________________________ jurisdiction is the power to hear a case for the first time.

2.     A Justice who disagrees with the majority ruling may write a D_________________ Opinion.

3.     The case of Marbury vs. Madison established ______________________ ________________, the power of the courts to decide on the constitutionality of decisions made by the other branches of government and other government agencies.

4.     The current Chief Justice is ______________________________.

Guided Reading for Lesson 3.08 Civil Liberties

1.      Civil liberties (such as the freedom of expression) are found in the ________ Amendment and apply to all people.  Civil _______________ are the rights to equal protection of the law.

2.     President Lincoln suspended the right of _______________ ____________________ (the right to have a person’s imprisonment reviewed by a judge to make sure it is lawful and justified.)

3.     The purpose of the _______________________ Act was to give law enforcement agencies more resources to find out about terrorist threats.  It was passed by __________________ and signed by President ____________________.

Guided Reading for Lesson 5.04

1.      President Roosevelt used radio to speak with the people during his “_____________ ___________.”

2.     _________ _______________ won the 1960 Presidential election after his televised debate with Richard Nixon.

3.     President __________ _____________ was nicknamed the "Great Communicator."

4.     Which persuasive technique is being used when a cartoonist

a.     uses simple objects or pictures to stand for broader concepts?

b.     draws a contrast between how things are and the way they are expected to be?

c.    goes overboard when drawing the physical characteristics of a person or thing?


Guided Reading for Lesson 5.05

1.     When the President makes treaties, the _____________________ approves them.

2.     Would each of the following be part of foreign or domestic policy?

a.   Imperialism (expansion of United States territory)

b.   Isolationism (staying out of foreign affairs)

c.   Health care

d.   Immigration

e.   Fighting terrorism 


Guided Reading for Lesson 5.06

1.     Economic belief the government should  have a "hands-off" approach to the economy

2.     Theory that states that it is healthy for the economy if the government is involved in setting economic policy

3.     When the government spends a lot of borrowed money, it is called ________ ______.

4.     Theory that by giving money-saving benefits to big business, then big business will pass down those savings to the consumer and the consumer will start spending more


Guided Reading for Lesson 5.07

     Which president

a.     sent troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to assist with the desegregation of schools?

b.    was the first Roman Catholic President?

c.     resigned from office because of the Watergate break-in scandal?

d.    served during a time of high inflation, rising energy costs, unemployment and the Iranian hostage crisis?

e.     helped bring an end to the Cold War and presided during the longest recorded period of peacetime prosperity.

f.     was the leader during the war called Desert Storm?

g.    was the second president to be impeached?

h.     was president during the Iraq War when Saddam Hussein was overthrown?